What Is A Rehabilitation Center For Wild Animals?

Wildlife rehabilitation centers do so much more than “just” rescue injured animals. Learn more about how they work in today’s article.
What is a wildlife rehabilitation center?

Rehabilitation centers for wild animals are places where sick, injured and orphaned creatures can be treated and cared for in order to release them back into the wild once they have recovered.

What role does the rehabilitation center for wild animals play?

This type of rehabilitation center plays a number of different roles, for example:

  • Rescues animals and ensures that they receive veterinary treatment.
  • Rehabilitates and then releases these animals.
  • Reintroduces and monitors endangered species.
  • Hand rearing and care of orphaned animals.
Eagles are cared for in a rehabilitation center
  • Monitors epidemics.
  • Works with conservation of wild animals, educational programs and increases awareness of environmental issues.
  • Investigating suspected wildlife deaths.
A wild lynx

What else does a rehabilitation center for wild animals do?

  • Some participate in breeding programs designed to increase the number of endangered species.
  • Others set up fetal programs to cover care costs.
  • Some analyze samples taken from species they have treated.
  • Others do research, help maintain and care for green spaces and work to preserve vital habitats.

In addition to all this, they are also engaged in raising awareness and teaching the public about species that may be “in conflict” with humans in an attempt to improve their relationship.

They also help educate the public on environmental issues and manage local wildlife.

Rehabilitation center: Facilities

Other animal organizations often donate most of the materials, equipment and medicines used by rehabilitation centers. Ideally, most centers need the following to function:

  • An administration   hub where rescuers can leave new patients and report all results to the medical team, which is responsible for collecting the animals for treatment.
  • A hospital where each patient will receive treatment.
Jumping wild boar

Equipment and facilities

  • X-ray and ultrasound machines.
  • Pre-op room : where they store surgical equipment and other materials.
  • Operating room with anesthesia machine and monitors.
  • Autopsy room.
  • Laboratory – both on and off site.
  • A reptile room – even though most creatures that arrive at rehabilitation centers are mammals and birds, you also have to install special rooms for other types of patients, such as reptiles.
  • Storage – Many of the wildlife that live in these centers need ” live food ” that requires their own special facilities.

The rest of the center will consist of cages where staff can keep a close eye on their patients. These include larger enclosures where treatment can continue once any damage has healed.

When it comes to birds of prey, they will also need a large open space where they can learn to fly again.

Bird at nest

Each country or region has its own specific needs. For example, the US states do not need to have space for marine life, while coastal regions will need it.

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