Beagles, an old favorite among hunters because of their extraordinary sense of smell and robustness, also have their weaknesses. In this article you will find information about the most common diseases of beagles.
Many of these diseases are common to all dog breeds, but a little more common in this breed. First of all, we give you a brief overview of the beagle’s characteristics. It is a dog that is as social and intelligent as it is beautiful. Do not miss this article.
What is characteristic of a beagle?
They are known for their use in hunting and as experimental animals, but beagles have actually won the love of humans for other reasons. One of these reasons is their sociable nature and glorious energy, in addition to their general lack of congenital problems.
Another reason is that they are very intelligent dogs, who have a lot of drive and they are not aggressive at all. Despite their obedience, it can be a little difficult to get them to focus on the owner’s commands, especially if they’ve got the trail of something interesting.
This leads us to the next point: together with the bloodhound, it is one of the dog breeds that has the best sense of smell in the dog kingdom. The morphology of the nose helps to capture odors near the nose, so these dogs are better at following tracks on the ground instead of in the air.
Beagles have a life expectancy of about 15 years, which correlates with their average size. They usually get along well with children, hence their popularity as a family dog. But be careful, each animal has its own personality.
What are the most common diseases in beagles?
This breed does not have many congenital diseases, the fact is that most of the problems are due to its morphology. Here are at least the most common ones you will find.
Epilepsy is one of the most common diseases in beagles
An epileptic seizure is defined as a seizure in the brain as a result of nerve cells in the brain being overactive. This manifests itself as seizures, hyperthermia, excessive salivation, rhythmic blinking or contractions of the muscles of the face, among other signs. It is a condition that can be easily controlled with medications such as phenobarbital or bromide potassium.
This is one of the most common endocrine diseases in dogs, and beagles are no exception. Because of their tendency to gain weight from the disease, a correct diagnosis is important. Hypothyroidism is characterized by a tendency to gain weight, hypothermia and a variety of skin diseases.
Among the most common are hair loss, discoloration, alopecia, susceptibility to skin infections and, more rarely, abnormalities of the nervous system and reproductive system. The cause of this disease is a lack of activity of the thyroid hormones, which in turn causes a decrease in metabolism.
Ear diseases are among the most common diseases in beagles
The long, drooping ears of this breed are often an obstacle to proper ventilation of the ears, so these dogs tend to get ear infections. If you see the dog tilt its head to the side, scratch it, have a hot ear or appear to be in pain when you touch the ear, you may need to see your veterinarian to check that everything is in order.
4. Eye diseases
It is true that beagles, despite their robustness, are one of the breeds that can develop problems with their eyes and their eyesight. Here are the most common:
- Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an increase in intraocular pressure due to excessive production of the aqueous fluid that fills the eye. It is a serious disease and if left untreated it can lead to blindness.
- Corneal Dystrophy: This usually manifests as white opacity in the cornea or parts of it and this condition can be painful. Surveillance and treatment are necessary to prevent wounds, as vision loss is usually mild.
- Distichiasis: This disease occurs when the dog develops two rows of eyelashes, and one of them grows towards the eye or is angled incorrectly. This can lead to eye irritation and even infections.
- Cherry eye : When the third eyelid becomes too weak, the lacrimal gland may fall out and protrude from the eye. Its reddish-pink color and shape have given the name to this disease. The most common treatment is surgery as it can otherwise lead to infection.
Conclusions about the most common diseases in beagles
As you can see, beagles also have some diseases that are related to the breed. As always, the first recommendation is to prevent all of this with a healthy lifestyle, as well as to seek veterinary care quickly because that is what will save your dog from an accident or superficial injury that may otherwise get worse over time.
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