As a cat owner, your primary responsibility is to keep your pet healthy. And this is something you should not take lightly. That is why it is good for cat owners to know a little about common diseases in cats, their symptoms and how they are treated. Continue reading this article to learn more.
If you are considering adopting a cat or if they already have one, you should learn a little about their common diseases.
1. Ear inflammation
This inflammation of the ear canal is not only common in dogs but also in cats. Especially in adult animals. Ear infections are very painful and can cause hearing loss if not treated in time.
It can be caused by several different types of insects, fungi or bacteria and the most common symptoms are yellow or brown secretions from the ear. Bad smell and desperate itching of the ears are other symptoms.
This is a type of cancer that affects cats more than you think, especially small and young cats. If left untreated, the consequences will be fatal.
This can also cause vision problems. You may notice that your cat is starting to get into things or not paying attention to certain movements.
4. Feline panleukopenivirus or feline plague
Cat parvovirus is a highly contagious DNA virus infection that causes feline plague. It is very similar to the parvovirus in dogs. It is transmitted by having contact with the body fluids of an infected cat.
Symptoms of feline panleukopenivirus include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and depression.
This disease can be prevented by vaccination and treated with antibiotics and intravenous drip to restore the cat’s fluid balance. If left untreated, the consequences can be fatal. Due to insufficient vaccinations, this is one of the common diseases in cats in Sweden.
Rabies is another common disease in cats that dogs also have. This disease is transmitted by being bitten by an infected animal or coming in contact with their saliva.
Vaccination against rabies in dogs and cats is mandatory in many countries because it is highly contagious to humans.
6. Cat immunosuppressive virus (FIV)
This disease is commonly known as ” feline AIDS” and is very similar to HIV. The transmission often occurs during fights where an infected animal is involved. It can also occur during mating or transmitted through the placenta of a pregnant cat.
One of the best ways to prevent this disease is to sterilize your cat, as there is currently no vaccine for this disease.
In addition , it is difficult to detect the symptoms until the condition is very advanced. This makes the treatment very difficult.
7. Kidney problems
Cats are very prone to get cystitis, kidney inflammation and a lot of other urinary tract infections. This is especially true after a particular age. The accumulation of minerals in the urinary tract – commonly known as kidney stones – is very painful and will change their daily routines.
For example, a cat with kidney problems may not be able to urinate for several days. It can constantly lick its genitals and the urine may contain blood. It can urinate outside the litter box, around the house.
This is one of the common diseases that is easy to treat. It is essential to take the cat to a veterinarian immediately as soon as you notice any symptoms of a urinary tract infection. In most cases, this occurs when your cat changes its diet or receives medications that affect the accumulation of minerals.