Parasites can be either internal or external, but all can cause disease and serious consequences for your pets. In the following article we will tell you how to prevent parasites in cats and dogs.
How to prevent parasites in animals: internal microorganisms
Gastrointestinal parasites are the most common in pets. These can produce serious diseases in the animal and also infect humans.
These parasites live in the stomach as well as the intestines and vary in size (some are even invisible to the human eye). The most common are:
- Chin masks
- Whip mask ( Trichuris trichiura )
The eggs of the gastrointestinal parasites are found in the feces of infected animals. As soon as they come in contact with another creature, they can spread to the next host animal. So one way to avoid your pet getting them is to keep a close eye on it in the park or places with other animals.
Another way of becoming infected is through small animals – such as rodents – or from mother to offspring (through the mother’s milk or placenta).
When people ask their veterinarians what they should do to prevent parasites in cats and dogs, they usually recommend similar treatments anyway. There are preventative medicines that can be used every month, but you can also use other measures:
- Pick up feces from the garden to reduce the risk of contamination.
- Clean the cat’s box and keep it covered when not in use.
- Wash your hands thoroughly after cleaning places where you perform fur care.
- Take your pet to the vet 1-2 times a year for an examination.
- Follow the vaccination schedule.
- Make sure there are no mice or rats around the house.
- Use parasite-killing drugs. These come in the form of tablets, creams or pipettes for external use.
- Clean accessories and containers that the animal uses to eat and drink.
How to prevent parasites in animals: external microorganisms
These are more common in the summer or when they eat hot, as they can then multiply faster. Some examples of external parasites that can infect your pets are fleas, ticks, lice, mites and even mosquitoes.
External parasites can cause serious diseases and symptoms such as allergies and skin reactions in the animal. They can also cause anemia due to the amount of blood they consume, as well as damage from itching, weakness, babesiosis or leishmaniasis (oriental abscess). These are two serious diseases that can be fatal to the animal.
It is very important to prevent the spread of external parasites in our pets. The good news is that there are different methods you can use as long as you apply them correctly:
- Pipettes (these last for a month)
- Flea necklace (lasts for around six months)
- Mosquito spray (can be effective for up to eight weeks)
- Pills (lasts for 30 days)
More helpful tips
We also recommend the following measures to prevent parasites from affecting your animal:
- Use lemon balm at home to keep mosquitoes away.
- Do not leave containers with stagnant water as they will attract insects.
- Periodically give your pet a bath with flea shampoo or similar (never shampoo for humans).
- Reduce the pet’s contact with other animals, especially in smaller spaces.
- Complete its vaccination schedule to keep your immune system strong.
- If you have more than one pet in the home , give them separate treatments for parasites.
- Clean the animal’s things properly (bed, litter box, bowls, etc.).
- Take the animal to the vet twice a year for a routine examination.
If you are wondering how to prevent parasites in dogs and cats, you now have plenty of tips. Do not let the microorganisms win!