Hepatitis In Dogs: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Hepatitis in dogs: causes, symptoms and treatment

The liver is an extremely important organ for all animals. For dogs, its function is similar to that of the human liver. Do you know what hepatitis in dogs means? In this article, we explain the concepts.

A dog’s liver is responsible for the following functions:

  • Metabolism: convert fats, carbohydrates and proteins
  • Help store vitamins and minerals
  • It is essential for  digestion
  • Detoxify waste and other harmful substances
  • Produces substances that allow the blood to coagulate

These are the most important features. However, some studies suggest that the dog’s liver performs over 1,000 different bodily functions. It is therefore a very important body.

Hepatitis in dogs is an inflammation of the liver. The cells go through different types of destruction.

hepatitis in dogs - let them rest

There are various reasons why a dog develops hepatitis.

  • Ingestion of urine, feces or saliva by an infected dog.
  • Poor diet
  • Food or medicine poisoning

Depending on the cause, hepatitis in dogs can be classified as follows:

Common hepatitis:  Inflammation of the liver is caused by taking medicines or toxic substances that damage the liver. Unfortunately  , the symptoms only appear when the condition is far advanced.

Autoimmune  hepatitis:  This form of hepatitis is caused by a “defect” in the dog’s immune system. As a result  , the immune system mixes liver cells with harmful elements and attacks them.

Infectious hepatitis:  This is caused by a virus, the dog’s adenovirus 1. It affects dogs and foxes and is transmitted through saliva and feces from other infected animals. It is a powerful and resistant virus, extremely contagious and can be deadly. 

Treatment of hepatitis in dogs is like many other diseases. It largely depends on the cause and the general condition of the dog. It is always best to prevent and vaccinate.

Treatment of the symptoms can be done to relieve pain and discomfort. It is the easiest way to treat hepatitis in dogs. The veterinarian will also assess whether there is an influencing factor that can prevent the dog from becoming ill again. During the treatment  , the dog will need to follow a strict diet made by a specialist.

treatment of hepatitis in dogs

Again, it is about symptom treatment. The dog can also be given  medicine to control the functions of the immune system. These are called immune modulators and prevent liver damage.

The dog will receive anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics to fight secondary infections. You can never get rid of this virus completely so you need to fight all possible symptoms. You can use medicine to  relieve vomiting and diarrhea.

In addition  , the dog will need to follow a strict low protein diet for liver infections  and rest properly while showing symptoms.

Healthy habits help prevent diseases such as  hepatitis. Some of these habits are:

  • Balanced diet
  • Daily exercise
  • Spend time in the fresh air
  • Affection and attention

Finally, it is worth mentioning that vaccination is the best preventative for infectious hepatitis. Therefore, it is a good idea to take the dog to the vet when it is young to get all the necessary vaccines. Even if you are adopting an adult dog, you should take him to a veterinarian for the necessary vaccinations.

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