Conjunctivitis In Dogs: Symptoms And Treatment

Conjunctivitis in dogs: symptoms and treatment

Conjunctivitis in dogs is a medical condition that occurs when the dog’s eye swells. Preventing this infection is important for the dog’s health and hygiene.

Conjunctivitis, formally called conjunctivitis, is as painful and uncomfortable for dogs as it is for humans. Therefore, it is important to learn to identify the symptoms and causes. A dog’s vision can also be affected when he gets this infection.

Conjunctivitis can affect both cats and dogs. It’s like the name gossip about an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is a membrane that covers the eyes. This condition is common in species suffering from dry eyes or autoimmune skin diseases.

Conjunctivitis in dogs can begin with a virus, bacteria or a simple allergic reaction. Your pet will also experience specific symptoms that can help you identify the condition. Here are some of them:

  • Frequently flashing.
  • Too watery or red eyes.
  • Secretions flowing from the eyes. It can be transparent, slimy or anywhere.
  • Swelling from fluid buildup in the conjunctiva.
  • Formation of lymphoid follicles in the conjunctiva. A “follicle” is a small, semi-transparent sac that appears in the eye tissue when it is infected or damaged. This occurs with a specific type of conjunctivitis called follicular conjunctivitis.
  • Hypersensitivity to light. If you notice that your dog is staying away from sunlight, he may have some form of eye infection.
Dog at the vet

In such cases , you must immediately take your dog to the vet for proper diagnosis. One of the most common things they will do is fluorescein angiography, where they inject a fluorescent substance into the eye to see if there are any sores or other problems.

The symptoms and treatment will depend on the specific infection of your dog. Take a look at the following list of the most common types:

  • Infectious conjunctivitis: It can be either viral or bacterial and it is contagious. You need to analyze the symptoms to find out what type it is. If your dog has a cold or a respiratory infection and it is a very thin liquid that comes out of the eyes, it is probably a viral conjunctivitis. If it is bacterial, the fluid becomes much thicker.
  • Autoimmune conjunctivitis. This can be either an allergic reaction or follicular. The first type comes with, among other things, spring allergies and pollen in the air.
  • Neonatal conjunctivitis. This is usually linked to viral or bacterial conjunctivitis.
Eye diseases in dogs

There are other common types, such as when it comes from tumors of the eyes or other diseases such as glaucoma or ulcerative keratitis. A blockage in the tear duct can also lead to conjunctivitis. If this happens, you may need to operate on your dog.

The key to preventing conjunctivitis in dogs is good hygiene. Make sure the area around the dog’s eyes is always as clean as possible.

conjunctivitis in dogs

For some dogs, this also means preventing fur from growing over the eyes. The dog’s fur can become dirty and pick up a lot of bacteria, and it can easily lead to an infection. When it comes to treatment, remember that the origin of conjunctivitis (a virus, bacteria, etc.) is key. Regardless, you need to clean the dog’s eyes and always wipe away secretions.

You should only use eye drops if your veterinarian has prescribed them, as they sometimes have corticoids, which can actually make things worse depending on the type of conjunctivitis it is.

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