Anti-inflammatory drugs are medications that veterinarians prescribe to cats and dogs to reduce pain and swelling. They are commonly used for bone and joint related diseases such as osteoarthritis and arthritis, but there are many other similar problems that adult animals can have.
When should you give dogs and cats anti-inflammatory drugs? After considering all risks, humans and animals should only take medication when they are prescribed.
Classifications and some risks to consider
There are two types of anti-inflammatory drugs: non-steroids like aspirin and steroids like paracetamol. Steroids are problematic for animals because they contain corticoids. But they are also the most powerful and researched drug.
Because of how dangerous anti-inflammatory drugs can be to dogs and cats, you should only give them to your pet if your veterinarian has prescribed it. Treating your pet without veterinarian approval can cause irreversible damage.
For example, aspirin can be fatal to cats, even if it’s just a pill. It is stronger for dogs than in humans because it takes longer for dogs to filter aspirin from the body.
Remember that a prescription should always be prescribed for your pet. Make sure you also give your pet’s medical history to the veterinarian who prescribes the medicine. In addition, you can have them do blood and urine tests before and during treatment. That way, you will be able to deal with any negative side effects.
Side effects of anti-inflammatory drugs for dogs and cats
Anti-inflammatory drugs can cause side effects in dogs and cats. There are times when these drugs are so toxic that they can cause death.
Death is almost immediate for some dog breeds such as border collies and other herding dogs. Their body cannot process the steroid.
Various side effects in dogs and cats
Dogs and cats share some side effects caused by anti-inflammatory drugs, but there are also some differences. Knowing these can help you spot warning signs in time.
The most common side effects for dogs are: lack of energy, blood in the urine or feces, vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, increased heart rate, intestinal ulcers and even death.
Some of the symptoms cats may have are: anorexia, hypothermia, depression, weakness, dark mucus, salivation and vomiting. Pay attention to your cat and see if he has swelling on his face and paws.
You need to pay extra attention if these symptoms occur. They can often put your cat in a coma and then death within 18-36 hours after your pet took the medicine.
When the drug becomes toxic, it is not always fatal but it can cause organ damage. Some pets develop liver and kidney problems, which you find out if their skin, gums or eyes turn yellow. They may also show signs of dehydration and an unusual amount of thirst and urination.
Precautions, preventive measures and how it is treated
If your veterinarian has not prescribed your cat, anti-inflammatory drugs should not be combined with other corticoids. It is also good to give the cat the medicine only after they have eaten, so that the body can absorb the medicine more easily. While your cat is on these medications, you need to provide fresh water throughout the day so that it does not become dehydrated.
Complete the treatment
When your pet finishes treatment , you can not just stop giving him the medicine. If you do not quit gradually, he may suddenly lose cortisol. If this happens, it can cause upper kidney failure with symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, vomiting, loss of appetite and difficulty breathing.
Similarly, always observe your pet for the first few hours after giving him anti-inflammatory drugs. A change in behavior is a sign that something is wrong. If this happens, stop treatment and go straight to the vet.